Explanation of the Greatest Name “Allaah”

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

Ibn al-Qayyim (may Allaah be merciful to him) said that the Name “Allaah” is derived from Al-Ilah, which means the Deity.

Allaah is the One and Only Deity. The One who deserves to be worshiped alone with love and fear associated with hope, dignity, and honor. Accordingly, one will be the slave of Allaah (Subhana wa Ta’ala) and worship Him, according to what His Name comprises of Godship, which cannot be given to any other than Him.

Many narrations mentioned about the Greatest Name of the Lord, the Blessed, the Exalted:-

I) 🌷 The Prophet Muhammad (Salla Allaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) heard a man saying in his Tashahhud (Du’aa is in the picture attached).

wordpresspic

On this, the Prophet (Salla Allaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) said: “You asked Allaah by the Name with which IF HE IS ASKED, WILL GRANT and IF HE IS INVOKED WITH, WILL RESPOND.”

In another version, he (Salla Allaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) said, “HE HAS BEEN FORGIVEN, HE HAS BEEN FORGIVEN.” 🌷
[Abu Dawood, an-Nasaai, Ahmed and Ibn Khuzaimah with Sahih Isnad]

II) 🌷 Narrated Anas (Radi-Allaahu ‘anhu): I was sitting with the Prophet (Salla Allaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) in the mosque and a man was praying. The man said (in his prayer) (Du’aa is in the picture).

allah1.jpg

The Prophet (Salla Allaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) said: “He has supplicated Allaah with His Mightiest Name, with which IF HE IS SUPPLICATED, HE ANSWERS, and with which IF HE IS ASKED, HE GIVES.” 🌷
[Ahmed, Abu Dawood, an-Nasai, Ibn Hibban and al-Hakim]

III-A)🌷 Narrated Abu Umamah (Radia-Allaahu ‘anhu) that Allaah’s Messenger (Salla-Allaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) said:
“The Mightiest Name of Allaah is (mentioned) in three Surahs (chapters) of the Qur’an, al-Baqarah (chapter 2), Aal Imran (chapter 3), and Surat Taha (chapter 20).” 🌷
[Ibn Majah, at-Tahawi and at-Tabarani]

📌 It is noted that the Name that is repeated in the earlier mentioned narrations, is “Allaah”. In the second Hadith is quoted as “Allaahumma” which is basically “Yaa Allaah” but when Yaa is deleted from the beginning of the word and the ‘meem’ has been added to its end, one will get the same meaning which is in “Yaa Allaah”.
[At-Tafseer al Qayyim pp. 202]

In the three Surahs’:
🌹 The Name Allaah is mentioned in Ayatul-Kursi [2:225] as:

“اللَّهُ لَا إِلَٰهَ إِلَّا هُوَ الْحَيُّ الْقَيُّوم”

“None has the right to be worshiped but He), the Ever Living”

🌹 In Surat Aal-Imran verse 2:

“اللَّهُ لَا إِلَٰهَ إِلَّا هُوَ الْحَيُّ الْقَيُّومُ”

“None has the right to be worshiped but He), the Ever Living”

🌹 In Surat Taha verse 8:

“ٱللَّهُ لَآ إِلَٰهَ إِلَّا هُوَۖ لَهُ ٱلْأَسْمَآءُ ٱلْحُسْنَىٰ”

Allah! La ilahla illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He)! To Him belong the Best Names.

III-B) Important Note:

🚫 It is not prescribed to remember Allaah with His Name “Allaah” alone. 

📌Some Muslim sects made for themselves certain remembrances in which they repeat the Name “Allaah” with certain numbers such as 1000 times or two thousands or more.
📌Sometimes, they gather in circles (sitting or standing) and repeating the word Hu, Hu, Hu or Ah, Ah, Ah, claiming that (with this Bid’ah) they are remembering Allaah.

All the remembrances which Prophet Muhammad (Salla-Allaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) legislated for us were not in this (denial) form. But all the correct remembrances which are affirmed by him (Salla-Allaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) do not contain the Name “Allaah” alone. 

E.g. He (Salla-Allaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) said: “Whoever says, ‘Subhan Allahi wa Bihamdihi’ one hundred times a day, all his sins will be forgiven even if they were as much as the foam of the sea.” [Agreed Upon] 

III-C)
✔️(Continuation) All other types of remembrance of Allaah are prescribed in the same way as mentioned in the last post.

💡 Also, The most beloved names to Allaah (Subhana wa Ta’ala): ‘Abdullaah and ‘Abdur-Rahmaan. Because of what these two Names of Allaah comprises of most Beautiful Attributes to Allaah.
This is why adding servitude to the Name (Allaah) and (Ar-Rahmaan) are more beloved to Him than adding (joining) to other than them like Al-Qahir or Al-Qadir. 💡

III-D) One article of Islamic Monotheism (Tawhid) is the belief in the Oneness of the Names and the Qualities of Allaah:
💥 [ Tawhid Al-Asmaa Was-Sifaat ] 💥

(i) We must not name or qualify Allaah except with what He or His Messenger (Salla-Allaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) has named or qualified Him with.

(ii) None can be named or qualified with the Names or Qualities of Allaah, e.g. Al-Razzaq (the Sustainer), Al-Quddus (free from all defects).

(iii) We have to believe in all what has been revealed in Allaah’s Book (the Qur’an) as regard the Qualities of Allaah, the Most High like His Face, Eyes, Hands, Shin (leg), His coming, His “Istawa” (i.e. rising over) His Throne over the seventh Heaven and others.

III-E) ✔️We believe in all what Allaah’s Messenger Muhammad (Salla-Allaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) qualified Him within the true authentic Prophet’s narrations as regard His Qualities like “Nuzul” – His Descent [He only comes down over the first nearest Heaven to us on the day of ‘Arafat (Hajj the 9th of Dhul-Hijja) and also during the last third part of the night], or His laughing and other attributes.

✔️We have to believe in these Qualities of Allah WITHOUT:
🛇 “Ta’wil” i.e. interpreting their meanings into different things, or
🛇“Tamtheel” i.e. giving resemblance or similarity to any of the creatures’ qualities e.g. to say that whatever Allaah has affirmed of His Qualities are like the qualities of His creation.

Allaah (Subhana wa Ta’ala) said in Surat Ash-Shura: “There is nothing like unto Him, and He is All-Hearer, All-Seer.” {42:11}, or
🛇“Take if” i.e., Adapting or conditioning i.e. to say that Allaah’s Qualities are in such manner or state.

Allaah (Subhana wa Ta’ala) said in Surah Taha: “And they will never compass anything of His knowledge.” {20:110}

III-F) Allaah the Exalted informed us about His Qualities but did not inform us about their state or manner.
💡 When Imam Malik was asked about Allaah’s Statement in Surat Taha (20:5):
“The Most Beneficent (Allah) ‘ISTAWA’ (rose over) the (Mighty) Throne,”
How is the manner of ‘ISTAWA’? He said:
📌 “ISTAWA is known to us,
📌 the manner is unknown,
📌 believing in it is obligatory,
📌 and asking about it is Bid’ah (innovation).”

[Athar Sahih, Adh-Dhahabi in al-Ulow and Abu Na’iem in al-Hilyah]

III-G) Another forbidden action with respect to Allaah’s Qualities is “Ta’til” i.e. completely ignoring or denying them, e.g. to say that there is no Face, or Eyes or Hands or Shins for Allaah.

✔️ These qualities suit Allaah alone, and He does not resemble any of His creatures.
As Allaah’s Statement in the Qur’an, “There is nothing like unto Him and He is All-Hearer, the All-Seer.”

💥 THERE IS NONE COMPARABLE UNTO HIM! 💥

III-H) ✔️ So whatever points we explained above is the faith of all true believers, and was the faith of all the Prophets of Allaah, from Noah, Abraham, Moses, and Christ till the last of the Prophets, Muhammad (Alayhim-us-Salaam).

☡ It is not like as some people think that Allaah is present everywhere, here, there, and even inside the breast of men. ☡

 So we have to tell these people that ALLAAH IS WITH US BY HIS KNOWLEDGE ONLY, NOT BY HIS PERSONAL-SELF. 

 In conclusion, these are the three aspects of Tawhid which are included in the meaning of “La iLaaha illa Allaah” [None has the right to be worshiped but Allaah].

 References:
1- An-Nahj al-Asmaa Fii Sharh Asmaa’ Allaah-ul-Husna, by Shaikh Muhammad Al-Humood.
2- Al-Qawa’id al-Muthlaa Fii Sifat Allaah wa Asma’ihil-Husna, by Shaikh Muhammad bin Salih al-‘Uthaimeen.
3- Islam in Brief, by Mahmoud Murad.
4- Noble Qur’an.

 May Allaah help us to establish the Magnification of this Name in our hearts and grant the tawfeeq to implement what we learned. Aameen. 

 

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s