Ar-Rahman Ar-Raheem

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

هُوَ ٱلرَّحْمَٰنُ ٱلرَّحِيمُ
“He is the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful.” [Al-Hashr 59:22]

Ar-Rahman and Ar-Rahim are two of Allaah’s mightiest Names. Both Names are derived from the word ‘Rahmah’ which means mercy.

Ar-Rahman is a more intensive and exaggerated form than Ar-Rahim.

🔍 Ar-Rahman, when attributed to Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala), means that Allaah is the Owner of a wide encompassing mercy that entails all of His creation in this life, and is a special gift for the believers in the Hereafter.

Ar-Rahman is one of the Names that none is allowed to be named with except Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) Alone.

 The Name Ar-Rahim means the Most Merciful to the believers on the Day of Judgement, as Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) said in Surat al-Ahzab (33:43):

وَكَانَ بِالْمُؤْمِنِينَ رَحِيمًا
“And He is Ever Most Merciful to the believers.”

One is allowed to be called Rahim as Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) attributed this characteristic to His Messenger (Salla-Allaahu alaihi wa sallam) in Surat at-Tawbah (9:128):

لَقَدْ جَاءَكُمْ رَسُولٌ مِنْ أَنْفُسِكُمْ عَزِيزٌ عَلَيْهِ مَا عَنِتُّمْ حَرِيصٌ عَلَيْكُمْ بِالْمُؤْمِنِينَ رَءُوفٌ رَحِيمٌ
“..He [Muhammad (Salla-Allaahu alaihi wa sallam)] is anxious over you, for the believers [he (Salla-Allaahu alaihi wa sallam)] is full of pity, kind, and merciful.”

 

The Impact of Belief in These Two Names:

I) Whoever believes that Allaah is Ar-Rahman, Ar-Rahim, the Most Beneficent and the Most Merciful, should believe also that Allaah’s Mercy is so broad such that it embraces all things. It includes all that is in the heavens and on the earth, includes the righteous and the wicked, and the Muslim and the non-Muslim. There is none that exists without enjoying (and turning in) Allaah’s Mercy day and night.

Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) said in Surat al-A’raaf (7:156): “And My Mercy embraces all things.”

⚘ There is a special mercy for the believers in this life and in the Hereafter. However, for the unbelievers, there is no mercy in the Hereafter.

⚘ Also the gates of His Mercy are opened for those who want to repent after having transgressed against themselves by committing sins.

II) We have to believe that Allaah’s Mercy overcomes His anger.

🌿 Narrated Abu Hurairah (Radia Allaahu ‘anhu) that the Prophet (Salla Allaahu alaihi wa sallam) said: “When Allaah (Subhaanahu wa Ta’ala) completed the creation He wrote in His Book which is with Him or on His Throne; “My Mercy has overcome My anger.”
{Sahih Bukhari 7404}

🌿 Also in Surat Al-An’am, Allaah (Subhaanahu wa Ta’ala) said:

كَتَبَ رَبُّكُمْ عَلَى نَفْسِهِ الرَّحْمَةَ
“Your Lord has written Mercy for Himself.”(Al-An’am 6:54)

III) Allaah’s Mercy is extremely VAST!

 Narrated Abu Hurayrah (Radia-Allaahu ‘anhu): “I heard Allaah’s Messenger (Salla-Allaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) saying, Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) divided mercy into one hundred parts, and each part fills what is between the heavens and the earth. He kept 99 parts with Him and He sent one part down to earth. Because of that one single part, His creatures are so merciful to each other, that even the mare lifts its hoof away from its baby, lest it should trample on it.” [Al-Bukhari 6000]

 

IV) Higher the Obedience to Allaah, Higher is Allaah’s Mercy!

One should know that as long as man is close to Allaah (Subhaanahu wa Ta’ala) (i.e. obedient to Him) he becomes more deserving of Allaah’s Mercy, because Allaah (Subhaanahu wa Ta’ala) said in Surat Al-‘Imran (3:132):

وَأَطِيعُواْ اللهَ وَالرَّسُولَ لَعَلَّكُمْ تُرْحَمُونَ
“And obey Allaah and the Messenger (Muhammad (Salla Allaahu alaihi wa sallam)) that you may obtain mercy.”

 

VI) Our deeds by themselves, do not qualify us to go to Paradise.

 Narrated Abu Hurairah (Radia Allaahu ‘anhu) that the Prophet (Salla Allaahu alaihi wa sallam) said: “The deeds of anyone of you will not save you [from the (Hell) Fire].”

They said, “Even you (will not be saved by your deeds), O Allaah’s Messenger?”

He said, “No, even I (will not be saved) unless and until Allaah protects me with His Grace and His Mercy. Therefore, do good deeds properly, sincerely and moderately, and worship Allaah in the forenoon and in the afternoon and during a part of the night, and practice Al-Qasd (always adopt a middle, moderate, regular course) whereby you will reach your Al-Qasd i.e. target (Paradise).”
[Al-Bukhari 6463]

We must always ask for Allaah’s Mercy and Grace, and call unto Him by these two Names, bearing in mind that Allaah (Subhaanahu wa Ta’ala) is more merciful to His servants than the mother is to her child. 

 

References:

1- An-Nahj al-Asmaa Fii Sharh Asmaa’ Allaah-ul-Husna, by Shaikh Muhammad Al-Humood.
2- Noble Qur’an.

 May Allaah help us to establish the Magnification of this Name in our hearts, and grant the tawfeeq to implement what we learned. Aameen. 

 

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