Explanation of the Greatest Name “Allaah”

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

Ibn al-Qayyim (may Allaah be merciful to him) said that the Name “Allaah” is derived from Al-Ilah, which means the Deity.

Allaah is the One and Only Deity. The One who deserves to be worshiped alone with love and fear associated with hope, dignity, and honor. Accordingly, one will be the slave of Allaah (Subhana wa Ta’ala) and worship Him, according to what His Name comprises of Godship, which cannot be given to any other than Him.

Many narrations mentioned about the Greatest Name of the Lord, the Blessed, the Exalted:-

I) 🌷 The Prophet Muhammad (Salla Allaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) heard a man saying in his Tashahhud (Du’aa is in the picture attached).

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On this, the Prophet (Salla Allaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) said: “You asked Allaah by the Name with which IF HE IS ASKED, WILL GRANT and IF HE IS INVOKED WITH, WILL RESPOND.”

In another version, he (Salla Allaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) said, “HE HAS BEEN FORGIVEN, HE HAS BEEN FORGIVEN.” 🌷
[Abu Dawood, an-Nasaai, Ahmed and Ibn Khuzaimah with Sahih Isnad]

II) 🌷 Narrated Anas (Radi-Allaahu ‘anhu): I was sitting with the Prophet (Salla Allaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) in the mosque and a man was praying. The man said (in his prayer) (Du’aa is in the picture).

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The Prophet (Salla Allaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) said: “He has supplicated Allaah with His Mightiest Name, with which IF HE IS SUPPLICATED, HE ANSWERS, and with which IF HE IS ASKED, HE GIVES.” 🌷
[Ahmed, Abu Dawood, an-Nasai, Ibn Hibban and al-Hakim]

III-A)🌷 Narrated Abu Umamah (Radia-Allaahu ‘anhu) that Allaah’s Messenger (Salla-Allaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) said:
“The Mightiest Name of Allaah is (mentioned) in three Surahs (chapters) of the Qur’an, al-Baqarah (chapter 2), Aal Imran (chapter 3), and Surat Taha (chapter 20).” 🌷
[Ibn Majah, at-Tahawi and at-Tabarani]

📌 It is noted that the Name that is repeated in the earlier mentioned narrations, is “Allaah”. In the second Hadith is quoted as “Allaahumma” which is basically “Yaa Allaah” but when Yaa is deleted from the beginning of the word and the ‘meem’ has been added to its end, one will get the same meaning which is in “Yaa Allaah”.
[At-Tafseer al Qayyim pp. 202]

In the three Surahs’:
🌹 The Name Allaah is mentioned in Ayatul-Kursi [2:225] as:

“اللَّهُ لَا إِلَٰهَ إِلَّا هُوَ الْحَيُّ الْقَيُّوم”

“None has the right to be worshiped but He), the Ever Living”

🌹 In Surat Aal-Imran verse 2:

“اللَّهُ لَا إِلَٰهَ إِلَّا هُوَ الْحَيُّ الْقَيُّومُ”

“None has the right to be worshiped but He), the Ever Living”

🌹 In Surat Taha verse 8:

“ٱللَّهُ لَآ إِلَٰهَ إِلَّا هُوَۖ لَهُ ٱلْأَسْمَآءُ ٱلْحُسْنَىٰ”

Allah! La ilahla illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He)! To Him belong the Best Names.

III-B) Important Note:

🚫 It is not prescribed to remember Allaah with His Name “Allaah” alone. 

📌Some Muslim sects made for themselves certain remembrances in which they repeat the Name “Allaah” with certain numbers such as 1000 times or two thousands or more.
📌Sometimes, they gather in circles (sitting or standing) and repeating the word Hu, Hu, Hu or Ah, Ah, Ah, claiming that (with this Bid’ah) they are remembering Allaah.

All the remembrances which Prophet Muhammad (Salla-Allaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) legislated for us were not in this (denial) form. But all the correct remembrances which are affirmed by him (Salla-Allaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) do not contain the Name “Allaah” alone. 

E.g. He (Salla-Allaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) said: “Whoever says, ‘Subhan Allahi wa Bihamdihi’ one hundred times a day, all his sins will be forgiven even if they were as much as the foam of the sea.” [Agreed Upon] 

III-C)
✔️(Continuation) All other types of remembrance of Allaah are prescribed in the same way as mentioned in the last post.

💡 Also, The most beloved names to Allaah (Subhana wa Ta’ala): ‘Abdullaah and ‘Abdur-Rahmaan. Because of what these two Names of Allaah comprises of most Beautiful Attributes to Allaah.
This is why adding servitude to the Name (Allaah) and (Ar-Rahmaan) are more beloved to Him than adding (joining) to other than them like Al-Qahir or Al-Qadir. 💡

III-D) One article of Islamic Monotheism (Tawhid) is the belief in the Oneness of the Names and the Qualities of Allaah:
💥 [ Tawhid Al-Asmaa Was-Sifaat ] 💥

(i) We must not name or qualify Allaah except with what He or His Messenger (Salla-Allaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) has named or qualified Him with.

(ii) None can be named or qualified with the Names or Qualities of Allaah, e.g. Al-Razzaq (the Sustainer), Al-Quddus (free from all defects).

(iii) We have to believe in all what has been revealed in Allaah’s Book (the Qur’an) as regard the Qualities of Allaah, the Most High like His Face, Eyes, Hands, Shin (leg), His coming, His “Istawa” (i.e. rising over) His Throne over the seventh Heaven and others.

III-E) ✔️We believe in all what Allaah’s Messenger Muhammad (Salla-Allaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) qualified Him within the true authentic Prophet’s narrations as regard His Qualities like “Nuzul” – His Descent [He only comes down over the first nearest Heaven to us on the day of ‘Arafat (Hajj the 9th of Dhul-Hijja) and also during the last third part of the night], or His laughing and other attributes.

✔️We have to believe in these Qualities of Allah WITHOUT:
🛇 “Ta’wil” i.e. interpreting their meanings into different things, or
🛇“Tamtheel” i.e. giving resemblance or similarity to any of the creatures’ qualities e.g. to say that whatever Allaah has affirmed of His Qualities are like the qualities of His creation.

Allaah (Subhana wa Ta’ala) said in Surat Ash-Shura: “There is nothing like unto Him, and He is All-Hearer, All-Seer.” {42:11}, or
🛇“Take if” i.e., Adapting or conditioning i.e. to say that Allaah’s Qualities are in such manner or state.

Allaah (Subhana wa Ta’ala) said in Surah Taha: “And they will never compass anything of His knowledge.” {20:110}

III-F) Allaah the Exalted informed us about His Qualities but did not inform us about their state or manner.
💡 When Imam Malik was asked about Allaah’s Statement in Surat Taha (20:5):
“The Most Beneficent (Allah) ‘ISTAWA’ (rose over) the (Mighty) Throne,”
How is the manner of ‘ISTAWA’? He said:
📌 “ISTAWA is known to us,
📌 the manner is unknown,
📌 believing in it is obligatory,
📌 and asking about it is Bid’ah (innovation).”

[Athar Sahih, Adh-Dhahabi in al-Ulow and Abu Na’iem in al-Hilyah]

III-G) Another forbidden action with respect to Allaah’s Qualities is “Ta’til” i.e. completely ignoring or denying them, e.g. to say that there is no Face, or Eyes or Hands or Shins for Allaah.

✔️ These qualities suit Allaah alone, and He does not resemble any of His creatures.
As Allaah’s Statement in the Qur’an, “There is nothing like unto Him and He is All-Hearer, the All-Seer.”

💥 THERE IS NONE COMPARABLE UNTO HIM! 💥

III-H) ✔️ So whatever points we explained above is the faith of all true believers, and was the faith of all the Prophets of Allaah, from Noah, Abraham, Moses, and Christ till the last of the Prophets, Muhammad (Alayhim-us-Salaam).

☡ It is not like as some people think that Allaah is present everywhere, here, there, and even inside the breast of men. ☡

 So we have to tell these people that ALLAAH IS WITH US BY HIS KNOWLEDGE ONLY, NOT BY HIS PERSONAL-SELF. 

 In conclusion, these are the three aspects of Tawhid which are included in the meaning of “La iLaaha illa Allaah” [None has the right to be worshiped but Allaah].

 References:
1- An-Nahj al-Asmaa Fii Sharh Asmaa’ Allaah-ul-Husna, by Shaikh Muhammad Al-Humood.
2- Al-Qawa’id al-Muthlaa Fii Sifat Allaah wa Asma’ihil-Husna, by Shaikh Muhammad bin Salih al-‘Uthaimeen.
3- Islam in Brief, by Mahmoud Murad.
4- Noble Qur’an.

 May Allaah help us to establish the Magnification of this Name in our hearts and grant the tawfeeq to implement what we learned. Aameen. 

 

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Impact of Knowing Allaah’s Names & Attributes

Knowing Allaah’s Names and Attributes and believing in their meanings will bring fear into the heart of the slave. The one who knows that Allaah is All-knower and All-Aware of everything and that nothing is hidden from Him of the actions (deeds) of the slaves, lives in awe of fear (more fearful) of Allaah (and His punishment) more than the one who does not know that or has no knowledge.

This is why Allaah (Subhana wa Ta’ala) said:

“It is only those who have knowledge among His slaves that fear Allaah.” Surah Fatir [35:28]

✔️ Knowing Allaah (Subhana wa Ta’ala) leads to loving Him, fearing Him, to have hope in Him, putting the trust on Him, and returning unto Him, accordingly, the person will achieve the success and happiness in this world and Hereafter.

✔️ Knowing Allaah (Subhana wa Ta’ala), His Names and His Attributes, is one of the ARTICLES OF FAITH. Because belief is not only to say, “I believe in Allaah”, without knowing Allaah well. The true faith or belief is to know Allaah (Subhana wa Ta’ala) and not only that; one must exert his utmost effort to know Allaah’s Names and Attributes.

✔️ The degree of faith will be according to one’s knowledge of his Lord; his faith will be increased, as he knows His Lord more. The legal way to know Allaah (Subhana wa Ta’ala), His Names and Attributes is by contemplating the Qur’an and the Sunnah, and understanding the meaning of the verses of Qur’an.

✔️ Allaah (Subhana wa Ta’ala) created the Jinn and Mankind to worship Him as He (Subhana wa Ta’ala) stated in Surat adh-Dhariyat:
“And I (Allah) created not the Jinns and Men except they should worship Me (Alone).” [51:56]

📌 And they (Jinns and Mankind) will not be able to worship Him without knowing Him. They should know Him in order to accomplish the purpose and the wisdom of their creation.

📌 Occupying oneself with other than what the slaves are created for, is considered a negligence and ingratitude towards their Lord whose Grace and Bounty (Blessings) are bestowed upon them continuously.

Abdul-Qasim at-Taymiy al-Isbahani said regarding the importance of knowing Allaah’s Beautiful Names:-

📌 “Some scholars said, ‘The first obligation that Allaah (Subhana wa Ta’ala) obliged His creation with, is knowing Him (Subhana wa Ta’ala). If the people know Him, they will worship Him accordingly. Allaah (Subhana wa Ta’ala) said:
“So know {O Muhammad (Salla Allaahu ‘alayhi wasallam)} that ‘La Ilaha illa Allaah’ (None has the right to be worshiped but Allaah).” [Muhammad 47:19]
It is incumbent on the Muslims to know Allaah’s Names and their meanings and magnify Allaah (Subhana wa Ta’ala) as He truly deserves.’

📌 Then he added: ‘If a man intended to get married, people will ask about his name, his father and grandfather’s names, will ask about details of his life. While Allaah (Subhana wa Ta’ala) who created us, sustaining us, hoping for His mercy and fear His wrath and anger, deserves more to be known and His Names.’” [Al-Hujjah Fil-Mahajjah]

How virtuous is the Knowledge regarding Allaah (Subhana wa Ta’ala).

The most honored and best knowledge is to know Allah’s Beautiful Names and Qualities, because they concern and belong to the Most Honored, and Blessed One Allaah (Subhana wa Ta’ala).

Shaikh-ul-Islam ibn Taymiyyah said: “Allaah’s Names, Qualities, and Actions are mentioned in the Qur’an more than the food, the drinks, and marriage in Paradise.”

The verses which comprise (include) Allaah’s Names and Attributes are higher in status and greater in value than the verses that mention about Resurrection or Paradise, etc.

This is why the greatest verse in the Qur’an is Ayatul-Kursi 2:255, and the greatest Surah is Surat-al-Fatiha (the opening chapter of the Qur’an), and Surat al-Ikhlas (Chapter 112) is considered one-third of the Qur’an.

 

Does Allaah (Subhana wa Ta’ala) have 99 Names only?

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Allaah (Subhana wa Ta’ala) has MORE THAN 99 Names but only 99 Names are known to us, according to the following Hadith:

🍀 Reported by Ahmed Ibn Hibban and al-Hakim with correct Isnad, and narrated by Ibn Masud that the Messenger of Allaah (Subhana Wa Ta’ala) said: “Let one who is afflicted and distressed utter this supplication. No slave of Allaah ever said this supplication but Allaah took away his grief and granted him ease instead.” 🍀
(Du’aa is in the picture above)

✔️ This Hadith indicates that there are Names belonging to Allaah (Subhana wa Ta’ala) which He did not reveal in His Book, concealed them from His creation and did now show them to anyone.

3 ways to learn the Names of Allah عز وجل

بسم الله الرحمان الرحيم

What is the meaning of this life if we don’t even know about Allaah عزوجل, Our Creator!?
To lead this life peacefully, and to answer the first question in grave i.e. ‘Who is your Lord?’, we need to learn about Allaah’s Perfect Names & Attributes and attach our heart to Him سبحانه و تعالى.

So let us acquire this noble knowledge about Allaah’s Names and their impact on our lives ان شاء الله.

Narrated Abu Hurairah (Radia-Allaahuanhu), that Allaah’s Messenger (Salla-Allaahualayhi wa sallam) said: “Allaah has 99 Names, one hundred names but one. Whoever Ahsaaha (count them, believes in their meanings and act accordingly), will enter Paradise.” [Al-Bukhari]

Ibn al-Qayyim (may Allaah be merciful to him), explained the meaning of ‘Ahsaaha‘ as follows: 

📌The first grade (rank) of counting the Names: To count them and memorize them.

📌The second grade: To understand their meanings.

📌The third grade: To worship Allaah (Subhana wa Ta’ala) accordingly, by believing in their meanings, acting upon them by calling on Allaah (Subhana wa Ta’ala) by them. E.g., when one seeking mercy then he will call Allaah (Subhana wa Ta’ala) with His Names Ar-Rahman, Ar-Rahim, when asking for sustenance then one calls on Him by His Names Ar-Raziq and Ar-Razzaq and so on. This is called Du’aa al-Mas’alah. Whereas Du’aa al-‘Ebaadah is to worship Allaah (Subhana wa Ta’ala) according to these Names e.g., one will return unto Allaah in repentance because Allaah is At-Tawwab (All-Forgiving, accepts repentance), one remembers Allaah, because He is As-Sami’ (All-Hearing), one fears Allaah in secret, because He is Al-Latif (Most Kind and Courteous), Al-Khabir (Well-Acquainted with all things), and so on

References:

  1. An-Nahj al-Asma Fii Sharh Asma’ Allaah ul Husna by Shaikh Muhammad al-Humoud an-Najdi.
  2. Al-Qawa’id al-Muthla Fii Sifat Allaah Ta’alaa, by Shaikh Ibn ‘Uthaimeen